An asymmetric conflict is characterized by the imbalance between the military capacity of the warring parties (e.g. in terms of weapon technology, equipment, intelligence information and number of troops).
Chapter 2, I. 5. International Humanitarian Law in asymmetric conflicts
Chapter 13, XII. Factors contributing to violations of International Humanitarian Law
ICRC, IHL and the Challenges of Contemporary Armed Conflicts (Part B.)
Israel, Report of the Winograd Commission (Paras. 38-45)
Syria, Press conference with French President Francois Hollande and Russian President Vladimir Putin
Sri Lanka, Naval War against Tamil Tigers
Italy, Use of force against ambulances in Iraq
ICRC, Statement - War in Cities ; What is at Stake?
Germany, Aerial Drone Attack in Mir Ali/Pakistan
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HEINTZE Hans-Joachim, “Terrorism and Asymmetrical Conflicts: a Role for the Martens Clause?”, in GIEGERICH
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KNOOPS Geert-Jan Alexander, “The Duality of the Proportionality Principle within Asymmetric Warfare and Ensuing Superior Criminal Responsibilities”, in International Criminal Law Review, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2009, pp. 501-529
LAVOY Peter, Asymmetric Warfare in South Asia: the Causes and Consequences of the Kargil Conflict, Cambridge, CUP, 2009, 407 pp.
PAULUS Andreas & VASHAKMADZE Mindia, “Asymmetrical War and the Notion of Armed Conflict: a Tentative of Conceptualization”, in IRRC, Vol. 91, No. 873, March 2009, pp. 95-125.
PFANNER Toni, “Asymmetrical Warfare from the Perspective of Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Action”, in IRRC, No. 857, March 2005, pp. 149-174
ROGERS Anthony P. V., “Unequal Combat and the Law of War”, in YIHL, Vol. 7 (2004), 2006, pp. 3-34.
SCHMITT Michael N., “Asymmetrical Warfare and International Humanitarian Law”, in The Air Force Law Review, Vol. 62, 2008, pp. 1-42
SCHRÖFL Josef, COX Sean Michael & PANKRATZ Thomas (eds), Winning the Asymmetric War: Political, Social and Military Responses, Frankfurt am Main, P. Lang, 2009, 366 pp.
VAN BAARDA Ted, VERWEIJ Désiree, The Moral Dimension of Asymmetrical Warfare: Counter-Terrorism, Democratic Values and Military Ethics, Leiden, Boston, M. Nijhoff, 2009, 529 pp.