Under IHL, parties to armed conflict must take all necessary precautions to treat captured persons humanely and in accordance with specific protection provided by their status. It is also prohibited to capture an adversary by resort to perfidy.

See also Capture Cards; Perfidy; Spies; Levée en masse; Journalists





BORELLI Silvia, "The Treatment of Terrorist Suspects Captured Abroad: Human Rights and Humanitarian Law", in BIANCHI Andrea (ed.), Enforcing International Law Norms against Terrorism, Oxford, Hart, 2004, pp. 39-61.

MEYER Michael A., "Liability of POWs for Offences Committed Prior to Capture – The Astiz Affair", in ICLQ, Vol. 32, 1983. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, "The Copenhagen Process on the Handling of Detainees in International Military Operations", in Revue de droit militaire et de droit de la guerre, Vol. 3-4, No. 46, 2007, pp. 363-392.

YIN Tung, Distinguishing Soldiers and Non-State Actors: Clarifying the Geneva Convention's Regulation of Interrogation of Captured Combatants through Positive Inducements, University of Iowa Legal Studies Research Paper, No. 08-42, September 2008, 55 pp.

DUTLI Maria Teresa, “Captured Child Combatants”, in IRRC, No. 278, September-October 1990, pp. 421-434.

CORN Geoffrey S., BLANK Laurie R., JENKS Chris and JENSEN Eric Talbot, “Belligerent Targeting and the Invalidity of a Least Harmful Means Rule”, 89 International Legal Studies (2013)

GOODMAN Ryan, "The Power to Kill or Capture Enemy Combatants", European Journal of International Law, Vol. 24, No. 3 (2013), pp. 819-853

GARRAWAY Charles, "‘To Kill or Not to Kill?’—Dilemmas on the Use of Force", Journal of Conflict & Security Law, Vol. 14, No. 3 (2010), pp. 499–510

OHLIN Jens David, “The Duty to Capture”, 97 Minnesota Law Review 1268 (2013)

SCHMITT Michael N., “Wound, Capture, or Kill: A Reply to Ryan Goodman’s ‘The Power to Kill or Capture  Enemy Combatants’", 24(3) European Journal of International 855 (2013)