According to the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, "enforced disappearance" is considered to be the arrest, detention, abduction or any other form of deprivation of liberty by agents of the State or by persons or groups of persons acting with the authorization, support or acquiescence of the State, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the deprivation of liberty or by concealment of the fate or whereabouts of the disappeared person, which place such a person outside the protection of the law.  




NOWAK Manfred, “Disappearances in Bosnia-Herzegovina”, in O’FLAHERTY Michael, Postwar Protection of Human Rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina, The Hague, M. Nijhoff, 1998, pp. 107-121.