A set of ethical rules and principles to be respected by all persons giving medical care.
The obligation to respect the principles of medical ethics is repeated in the statement of the general protection which positive international law recognizes as due to medical duties.
This states that
- no person may be punished for carrying out medical activities compatible with medical ethics, regardless of the circumstances or persons benefiting therefrom, and
- persons engaged in medical activities shall not be compelled to perform acts or to carry out work contrary to the rules of medical ethics, to other medical rules designed for the benefit of the wounded and sick or to provisions of international law, or to refrain from performing acts or from carrying out work required by those rules and provisions.
BOTHE Michael, “International Medical and Humanitarian Law”, in ILA Report, Vol. 59, 1980, pp. 520-530.
ENEMARK Christian, “Triage, Treatment and Torture: Ethical Challenges for US Military Medicine in Iraq”, in Journal of Military Ethics, Vol. 7, Issue 3, 2008, pp. 186-201.
GOODMAN Ryan & ROSEMAN Mindy Jane (eds), Interrogations, Forced Feedings, and the Role of Health Professionals: New Perspectives on International Human Rights, Humanitarian Law and Ethics, Cambridge (USA): Human Rights Program at Harvard Law School, 2009, 228 pp.
HIEBEL Jean-Luc, “Human Rights Relating to Spiritual Assistance as Embodied in the Geneva Conventions of 1949”, in IRRC, No. 214, January 1980, pp. 3-28.
PICTET Jean, “The Medical Profession and International Humanitarian Law”, in IRRC, No. 247, July 1985, pp. 191-209.
SCHOENHOLZER Jean-Pierre, Nurses and the GenevaConventions of 1949, Geneva, ICRC, 1957, 32 pp.
SCHOENHOLZER Jean-Pierre, “The Doctor in the Geneva Conventions of 1949”, in IRRC Supplement, Vol. VI, No. 11, 1953, pp. 191-213.
TORRELLI Maurice, Le médecin et les droits de l’homme, Paris, Berger-Levrault, 1983, 466 pp.