See Civilian object; Pillage; Requisitions;





        GCIV, 53

        CIHL, 50

    prohibition of pillage

        HR, 28 and 47

        GCIV, 33/2

        CIHL, 52

    prohibition of confiscation

        HR, 46/2

        CIHL, 51/c

    limited admissibility of requisitions

        HR, 52



        GCIV, 53

        CIHL, 50


        CIHL, 51/a

    administration of

        HR, 55

        CIHL, 51/b



Suggested readings:

ABOUALI Gamal, “Natural Resources under Occupation: The Status of Palestinian Water under International Law”, in Pace International Law Review, Vol. 10/2, 1998, pp. 411-574.   ANDO Nisuke, Surrender, Occupation and Private Property in International Law, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1991, 208 pp.   DINSTEIN Yoram, “The Israel Supreme Court and the Law of Belligerent Occupation: Demolitions and Sealing off of Houses”, in IYHR, Vol. 29, 1999, pp. 285-304.   JIA Bing Bing, “‘Protected Property’ and its Protection in International Humanitarian Law”, in LeidenJournal of International Law, Vol. 15/1, 2002, pp. 131-153.   LANGENKAMP R. Dobie & ZEDALIS Rex J., “What Happens to the Iraqi Oil?: Thoughts on Some Significant, Unexamined International Legal Questions Regarding Occupation of Oil Fields”, in EJIL, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2003, pp. 417-435.   SASSÒLI Marco & CAMERON Lindsey, “The Protection of Civilian Objects Current State of the Law and Issues de Lege Ferenda”, in RONZITTI Natalino & VENTURINI Gabriella (eds), Current Issues in the International Humanitarian Law of Air Warfare, Utrecht, Eleven, 2005, pp. 35-74.   STEWART James G., Corporate War Crimes: Prosecuting the Pillage of Natural Resources, New York, The Open Society Institute, 2010, 157 pp.   VERHOVEN Sten, “A Missed Opportunity to Clarify the Modern Ius ad Bellum: Case Concerning Armed Activity on the Territory of the Congo”, in Revue de droit militaire et de droit de la guerre, Vol. 3-4, No 45, 2006, pp. 355-368.   VITE Sylvain, “The Interrelation of the Law of Occupation and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: the Examples of Food, Health and Property”, in IRRC, Vol. 90, No. 871, September 2008, pp. 629-651.   WATSON Geoffrey R. et al., “Agora: ICJ Advisory Opinion on Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory”, in AJIL, Vol. 99/1, January 2005, pp. 1-141.