Military or civilian persons such as chaplains who are exclusively engaged either temporarily or permanently in the work of their ministry (spiritual assistance) and attached to the armed forces or to medical units, medical transports, or civil defence organizations.
Religious personnel enjoy the same protection as medical personnel and are identified by the distinctive emblem of the red cross, red crescent or red crystal worn on their clothing.
The provisions governing medical personnel also apply to religious personnel.

See Protected Persons;



definition: religious personnel attached to the armed forces or medical units

PI, 8

CIHL, 27, 30


HIEBEL Jean-Luc, “Human Rights Relating to Spiritual Assistance as Embodied in the Geneva Conventions of 1949”, in IRRC, No. 214, January 1980, pp. 3-28.
LUNZE Stefan, “Serving God and Caesar: Religious Personnel and their Protection in Armed Conflict”, in IRRC, No. 853, March 2004, pp. 69-91.
O’BRIEN R., A Manual of International Humanitarian Law for Religious Personnel, Adelaide, Australian Red Cross, 1993, 31 pp.