Asymmetric warfare

An asymmetric conflict is characterized by the imbalance between the military capacity of the warring parties (e.g. in terms of weapon technology, equipment, intelligence information and  number of troops).





Suggested readings:

BENVENISTI Eyal, “The Legal Battle to Define the Law on Transnational Asymmetric Warfare”, in Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2010, pp. 339-359
COURMONT Barthélémy & RIBNIKAR Darko, Les guerres asymétriques: conflits d’hier et d’aujourd’hui, terrorisme et nouvelles menaces, Paris, Dalloz, 2nd ed., 2009, 427 pp.
GEISS Robin, “Asymmetric Conflict Structures”, in IRRC, Vol. 88, No. 864, December 2006, pp. 757-777
GROSS Michael L., “Asymmetric War, Symmetrical Intentions: Killing Civilians in Modern Armed Conflict”, in Global Crime, Vol. 10, No. 4, November 2009, pp. 320-336
HEINTZE Hans-Joachim, “Terrorism and Asymmetrical Conflicts: a Role for the Martens Clause?”, in GIEGERICH
Thomas (ed.), A Wiser Century?: Judicial Dispute Settlement, Disarmament and the Laws of War 100 Years After the Second Hague Peace Conference, Berlin, Duncker and Humblot, 2009, pp. 429-434
KNOOPS Geert-Jan Alexander, “The Duality of the Proportionality Principle within Asymmetric Warfare and Ensuing Superior Criminal Responsibilities”, in International Criminal Law Review, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2009, pp. 501-529
LAVOY Peter, Asymmetric Warfare in South Asia: the Causes and Consequences of the Kargil Conflict, Cambridge, CUP, 2009, 407 pp.
PAULUS Andreas & VASHAKMADZE Mindia, “Asymmetrical War and the Notion of Armed Conflict: a Tentative of Conceptualization”, in IRRC, Vol. 91, No. 873, March 2009, pp. 95-125.
PFANNER Toni, “Asymmetrical Warfare from the Perspective of Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Action”, in IRRC, No. 857, March 2005, pp. 149-174
ROGERS Anthony P. V., “Unequal Combat and the Law of War”, in YIHL, Vol. 7 (2004), 2006, pp. 3-34.
SCHMITT Michael N., “Asymmetrical Warfare and International Humanitarian Law”, in The Air Force Law Review, Vol. 62, 2008, pp. 1-42
SCHRÖFL Josef, COX Sean Michael & PANKRATZ Thomas (eds), Winning the Asymmetric War: Political, Social and Military Responses, Frankfurt am Main, P. Lang, 2009, 366 pp.
VAN BAARDA Ted, VERWEIJ Désiree, The Moral Dimension of Asymmetrical Warfare: Counter-Terrorism, Democratic Values and Military Ethics, Leiden, Boston, M. Nijhoff, 2009, 529 pp.