International Committee of the Red Cross

The ICRC is an independent, neutral organization ensuring humanitarian protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and other situations of violence. It takes action in response to emergencies and at the same time promotes respect for international humanitarian law and its implementation in national law. The work of the ICRC is based on the Geneva Conventions of 1949, their Additional Protocols, its Statutes – and those of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement – and the resolutions of the International Conferences of the Red Cross and Red Crescent.

See Implementation;

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BIBLIOGRAPHIC RESOURCES

Suggested readings:

BUGNION François, The International Committee of the Red Cross and the Protection of War Victims, Geneva/Oxford, ICRC/Macmillan, 2003, 1161 pp.

BUGNION François, “The International Committee of the Red Cross and the Development of International Humanitarian Law”, in Chicago Journal of International Law, Vol. 5/1, Summer 2004, 18 pp.

De MAIO Jacques, “L’action de la Croix-Rouge internationale”, in Les nouvelles d’Afghanistan, No. 124, February 2009.

DÖRMANN Knut & MARESCA Louis, “The International Committee of the Red Cross and its Contribution to the Development of International Humanitarian Law in Specialized Instruments”, in Chicago Journal of International Law, Vol. 5/1, Summer 2004, 12 pp.

FORSYTHE David P., The Humanitarians: The International Committee of the Red Cross, Cambridge, CUP, 2005, 356 pp.

FORSYTHE David P., “The International Committee of the Red Cross and International Humanitarian Law”, in Humanitäres Völkerrecht, Vol. 2, 2003, pp. 64-77.

FORSYTHE David P., “The ICRC: a Unique Humanitarian Protagonist”, in IRRC, Vol. 89, No. 865, March 2007, pp. 63-96.

FREYMOND Jacques, WILLEMIN Georges & HEACOCK Roger, The International Committee of the Red Cross, The Hague, M. Nijhoff, 1984, 209 pp.

GAZZINI Tarcisio, “A Unique Non-State Actor: the International Committee of the Red Cross”, in Human Rights and International Legal Discourse, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2010, pp. 32-46.

HAROUEL Véronique, Histoire de la Croix-Rouge, Paris, PUF, Que sais-je ? 1999, 127 pp.

HEINSCH Robert, “The International Committee of the Red Cross and the Challenges of Today’s Armed Conflicts”, in GIEGERICH Thomas (ed.), A Wiser Century?: Judicial Dispute Settlement, Disarmament and the Laws of War 100 Years After the Second Hague Peace Conference, Berlin, Duncker and Humblot, 2009, pp. 393-415.

HUTCHINSON John F., Champions of Charity: War and the Rise of the Red Cross, Colorado and Oxford, Westview Press, 1996, 448 pp.

PICTET Jean, Une Institution unique en son genre : Le Comité international de la Croix-Rouge, Geneva, Henry-Dunant Institute, Paris, Pedone, 1985, 111 pp.

Further readings:

BOISSIER Pierre, History of the International Committee of the Red Cross: From Solferino to Tsushima, Geneva, Henry-Dunant Institute, 1978, 512 pp.

BUGNION François, “From the End of the Second World War to the Dawn of the Third Millenium – The Activities of the International Committee of the Red Cross During the Cold War and its Aftermath: 1945-1995”, in IRRC, No. 305, March-April 1995, pp. 207-224.

BUGNION François, “The Composition of the International Committee of the Red Cross”, in IRRC, No. 307, July-August 1995, pp. 427-446.

CONNOLLY Sean, The International Red Cross, Mankato (Minnesota), Smart Apple Media, 2009, 46 pp.

DURAND André, History of the International Committee of the Red Cross: From Sarajevo to Hiroshima, Geneva, Henry-Dunant Institute, 1978, 675 pp.

FREYMOND Jacques, Guerres, révolutions, Croix-Rouge: Réflexions sur le rôle du Comité international de la Croix-Rouge, Geneva, I.U.H.E.I., 1976, 222 pp.

MOOREHEAD Caroline, Dunant’s Dream: War, Switzerland and the History of the Red Cross, London, Harper-Collins, 1998, 780 pp.

PROVOST René, “The International Committee of the Red Widget?: the Diversity Debate and International Humanitarian Law”, in Israel Law Review, March 2007, 40 pp.