National liberation wars

Wars of national liberation were formerly classed by international law as civil wars but are now regarded as international armed conflict and therefore regulated as such by international humanitarian law.
They are armed conflicts in which peoples are fighting against colonial domination and alien occupation and against racist regimes in the exercise of their right to self-determination.

See Non-international armed conflictInternational armed conflict;

 OUTLINE

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 DOCUMENT

 CASES

 BIBLIOGRAPHIC RESOURCES

ABI-SAAB Georges, “Wars of National Liberation in the Geneva Conventions and Protocols”, in Collected Courses, Vol. 165, 1979, pp. 353-445
 
CASSESE Antonio, Self-Determination of Peoples: a Legal Reappraisal, Cambridge, CUP, 1995, 393 pp.
 
DRAPER Gerald I.A.D. “Wars of National Liberation and War Criminality”, in HOWARD Michael, Restraints on
War, Oxford, OUP, 1979, pp. 135-162
 
HIGGINS Noelle, “The Regulation of Armed Non-State Actors: Promoting the Application of the Laws of War to Conflicts Involving National Liberation Movements”, in Human Rights Brief, Vol. 17, Issue 1, 2009, pp. 12-18
 
HIGGINS Noelle, Regulating the Use of Force in Wars of National Liberation: the Need for a New Regime: a Study of the South Moluccas and Aceh, Leiden, Boston, M. Nijhoff, 2010, 266 pp.
 
KOENIG Christian, Wars of National Liberation and Modern International Humanitarian Law. A Consideration of the Scope of Application of Article I, para. 4 of Additional Protocol I to the 1949 Geneva Conventions, Frankfurt, Peter Lang, Europäische Hochschulschriften, Vol. 752, 1988, 209 pp.
 
WERNER Walter G., “Self-determination and Civil War”, in Journal of Conflict and Security Law, Vol. 6/2, 2001, 171-190 pp.
 
WILSON Heather A., International Law and the Use of Force by National Liberation Movements, Oxford, Clarendon
Press, 1988, 209 pp.