The systematic and violent appropriation by members of the armed forces of movable public or private property belonging to the enemy State, to wounded, sick or shipwrecked persons, or to prisoners of war.
Pillage is a war crime.
When movable property belonging to wounded, sick or shipwrecked persons, prisoners of war or the dead on the battlefield is removed by non-violent means, the term “spoliation” is sometimes used. Spoliation is prohibited.





STEWART James G., Corporate War Crimes: Prosecuting the Pillage of Natural Resources, New York, The Open Society Institute, 2010, 157 pp.