When does IHL apply? Is it possible to have a non-international armed conflict only in certain parts of the territory of a State? Can fighting against a terrorist organization amount to an armed conflict? Is one drone attack sufficient for the existence of an armed conflict? Does it matter who or what is the target of the attack?
This month, delve deeper into when, where and to whom IHL applies and find out more about current challenges surrounding its scope of application.
For an overview of the topic, read the related chapter on Fundamentals of IHL. You can also explore the challenges of the application of IHL in five new practical cases: