Human Rights applicable in armed conflicts

While IHL is applicable in armed conflicts only, International Human Rights Law is applicable in all situations. However, all but the non-derogable provisions may be suspended, under certain conditions, in situations threatening the life of the nation. As the latter do not only include armed conflicts, the complementarity remains imperfect; in particular, a gap exists in situations of internal disturbances and tension.

 OUTLINE

 DOCUMENT

 CASES

Gaza: Health situation in the Gaza Strip

Health Care in Pakistan’s Tribal Areas

United Kingdom, The Case of Serdar Mohammed (High Court Judgment)

ECHR, Al-Jedda v. UK

ECHR, Hassan v. UK

ECHR, Al-Skeini et al. v. UK

UN, Statement of a Special Rapporteur on Drone Attacks

Malaysia/Philippines, Conflict over the Sultanate of Sulu

Women and Sexual violence

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Right of Everyone to the Enjoyment of the Highest Attainable Standard of Physical and Mental Health

Syria, Code of Conduct of the Free Syrian Army

European Court of Human Rights, Kononov v. Latvia

General Assembly, The use of drones in counter-terrorism operations

United States of America, The Death of Osama bin Laden

ICRC, International Humanitarian Law and the challenges of contemporary armed conflicts in 2015 (Paras. 170, 183)

Yemen, Potential Existence and Effects of Naval Blockade

United Kingdom, The Case of Serdar Mohammed (Court of Appeal and Supreme Court Judgments)

USA, Al-Shimari v. CACI Premier Technology, Inc.

Israel/Palestine, Accountability for the Use of Lethal Force

UN/Colombia, Human Rights Committee Clarifications and Concluding Observations (2016)

United States of America, Military Commissions Trial Judiciary, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba: United States of America v. Khalid Shaikh Mohammad et al.

Mexico, The "War on Drugs"

Africa, The AfCHPR on the interplay between human rights and IHL

ECHR, Jaloud v. The Netherlands

South Sudan, Activities of Oil Companies

Israel/Occupied Palestinian Territory, Occupation and Natural Resources

“Great March of Return” Demonstrations and Israel’s Military Response

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Further reading:
 
ARAI-TAKAHASHI Yutaka, The Law of Occupation: Continuity and Change of International Humanitarian Law, and its Interaction with International Human Rights Law, Leiden, Boston, M. Nijhoff, 2009, 758 pp.
 
AUREY Xavier, “The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Armed Conflicts: from Fragmentation to Complexity”, in Anuário brasileiro de direito internacional = Brazilian Yearbook of International Law, Vol. 2, No. 4, 2009, pp. 48-67.
 
BEN-NAFTALI Orna & SHANY Yuval, “Living in Denial: The Application of Human Rights in the Occupied Territories”, in Israel Law Review, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2003, pp. 17-118.
 
CALOGEROPOULOS-STRATIS Aristidis S., Droit humanitaire et droits de l’homme. La protection de la personne en période de conflit armé, Geneva, I.U.H.E.I., 1980, 257 pp.
 
CAMPANELLI Dario, “The Law of Military Occupation Put to the Test of Human Rights Law”, in IRRC, Vol. 90, No. 87, September 2008, pp. 653-668.
 
CASSIMARIS Anthony E., “International Humanitarian Law, International Human Rights Law and the Fragmentation of International Law”, in ICLQ, Vol. 56, Part 3, July 2007, pp. 623-639.
 
CERONE John, “Jurisdiction and Power: the Intersection of Human Rights Law & the Law of Non-International Armed Conflict in an Extraterritorial Context”, in Israel Law Review, Vol. 40, No. 2, 2007, 58 pp.
 
DE FALCO Randle C., “The Right to Food in Gaza: Israel’s Obligations under International Law”, in Rutgers Law Record, Vol. 35, 2009, pp. 11-22.
 
DENNIS Michael J., “Application of Human Rights Treaties Extraterritorially in Times of Armed Conflict and Military Occupation”, in AJIL, Vol. 99, No. 1, January 2005, pp. 119-142.
 
DENNIS Michael J. & SURENA Andre M., “Application of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in Times of Armed Conflict and Military Occupation: The Gap Between Legal Theory and State Practice”, in European Human Rights Law Review, Issue 6, 2008, pp. 714-731.
 
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HENDIN Stuart, “Extraterritorial Application of Human Rights: the Differing Decisions of Canadian and UK Courts”, in Windsor Review of Legal and Social Issues, January 2010, pp. 57-86.
 
KRIEGER Heike, “A Conflict of Norms: the Relationship between Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law in the ICRC Customary Law Study”, in Journal of Conflict and Security Law, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 265-291.
 
OLSON Laura, “Practical Challenges of Implementing the Complementarity between International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law: Demonstrated by the Procedural Regulation of Internment in Non-International Armed Conflict”, in Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Vol. 40, No. 3, 2009, pp. 437-461.
 
ORAKHELASHVILI Alexander, “The Interaction between Human Rights and Humanitarian Law: Fragmentation, Conflict, Parallelism or Convergence?”, in EJIL, Vol. 19, No. 1, February 2008, pp. 161-182.
 
RICHTER Dagmar, “Humanitarian Law and Human Rights: Intersecting Circles or Separate Spheres?”, in GIEGERICH Thomas (ed.), A Wiser Century?: Judicial Dispute Settlement, Disarmament and the Laws of War 100 Years After the Second Hague Peace Conference, Berlin, Duncker and Humblot, 2009, pp. 257-322.
 
SASSÒLI Marco, “The International Legal Framework for Stability Operations: When May International Forces Attack or Detain Someone in Afghanistan?”, in IYHR, Vol. 39, 2009, pp. 177-212.
 
SASSÒLI Marco & OLSON Laura, “The Relationship Between International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law Where it Matters: Admissible Killing and Internment of Fighters in Non-International Armed Conflicts”, in IRRC, Vol. 90, no. 871, September 2008, pp. 599-627.
 
SPEROTTO Federico, “Counter-insurgency, Human Rights, and the Law of Armed Conflict”, in Human Rights Brief, Vol. 17, Issue 1, 2009, pp. 19-23.
 
TOMUSCHAT Christian, “The Application of Human Rights Law to Insurgent Movements”, in Crisis Management and Humanitarian Protection: Festschrift für Dieter Fleck, Berlin, Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, 2004, pp. 573-591.
 
VITE Sylvain, “The Interrelation of the Law of Occupation and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: the Examples of Food, Health and Property”, in IRRC, Vol. 90, No. 871, September 2008, pp. 629-651.
 
ZIMMERMANN Andreas, “Extraterritorial Application of Human Rights Treaties: The Case of Israel and the Palestinian Territories Revisited”, in BUFFARD Isabelle, CRAWFORD James, PELLET Alain & WITTICH Stephan, International Law between Universalism and Fragmentation: Festschrift in Honour of Gerhard Hafner, Leiden, M.  Nijhoff, February 2009, pp. 747-766.